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And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath.

And rose up, and thrust Him out of the city, and led Him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast Him down headlong.

- Luke 4:28-29

Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.

- Matthew 4:1

MY God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?

- Mark 15:34b

  • Vicarious - Suffered or performed for another; serving as a substitute

  • The word "Eden" means "delicate, delightful, pleasant." The word "Gethsemane" means "olive press" or "olive-treading;" crushing olives to press precious oil out of them. Knowing the meaning of their names, what lesson can you learn from contrasting the Garden of Eden with the Garden of Gethsemane?

      Christ's painful soul sufferings as He daily associated with sinners!

      Why can the depth of Jesus' soul sufferings never be fathomed by human beings?

    Jesus not only endured unspeakable sufferings from daily contact with sinners, He also endured the full attacking power of Satan, His children's sins, and His Father's rejection. He endured God's full hatred for sin. He fully paid the inflexible, righteous demand of God's justice.

    No other human being could ever endure the soul sufferings Jesus sustained. If Christ's divine nature had not upheld His human nature in His sufferings, He could not have endured and completed the full payment for sin.

    All of Christ's sufferings were vicarious. He endured them for others. At any time He could have stopped His sufferings - as God He had full power to do so. His unflinching love for His Father and people constrained Him.

    Through all His sufferings, Jesus desired to perfectly perform the will of His Father. Even when His suffering was so intense in the Garden of Gethsemane that "His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground" (Luke 22:44), yet His deepest desire and prayer was "Nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt" (Matthew 26:39); and "Thy will be done" (Matthew 26:42).

    Jesus paid the full price for sin alone. His closest friends added to, rather than relieved, His suffering. The following example illustrates this:

      Imagine a person facing a situation in which he knows he will be captured and killed by enemies the following day. He calls his three closest friends and asks them to pray with him that night.

      But time and again, his closest friends fall asleep. Would his friends' actions relieve or increase his sufferings? Would their sleeping not greatly add to his sense of loneliness and suffering?.

      In Isaiah 63:3, Christ testifies, "I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with Me." How can this be seen in Christ's suffering in Gethsemane, but also at Gabbatha and Golgotha?

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