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  • Anointed - To be chosen and set apart by having perfumed oil poured over a person

  • He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.

    - John 1:41

    Read of the anointings of both Saul and David to be kings over Israel in the following verses:

    Saul - I Samuel 10:1

    Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over His inheritance?

    David - I Samuel 16:13a

    Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward.

    What difference is pointed to by Saul being anointed from a vial and David from a horn?

    The New Testament, Greek name "Christ" is identical to the Old Testament, Hebrew name "Messiah." "Christ" means "The Anointed One." "Christ" is the Mediator's official name. In the Old Testament, persons were anointed for serving in one of three offices - that of prophet, priest, or king.

    Examples Of Old Testament Anointings For A:

    a. Prophet

    And Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.

    - I Kings 19:16b

    b. Priest

    And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

    - Exodus 40:13

    c. King

    And he arose, and went into the house; and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of the LORD, even over Israel.

    - II Kings 9:6

    In Scripture, oil is a type of the Holy Spirit. A person being anointed with oil pictured the following two truths:

    1. Being ordained by God (appointed, chosen and placed) into an office

    2. Being qualified by God (given the necessary abilities) for the office

    Christ was ordained by God from eternity to serve as prophet, priest, and king for His church. He was qualified by God in time for His work.

    Christ's qualifying was necessary for His human nature only. No qualifying work was necessary for His divine nature, for it is infinitely perfect in itself. The Holy Spirit qualified the human nature of Christ by giving Him unlimited gifts of wisdom, power, and holiness. These gifts revealed themselves in Christ's teachings, miracles, and sinlessness, as shown in the following chart:

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